Bureau CountyILGenWeb Site

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County Coordinator

Laverne Tornow

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Bureau County Genealogy and History

A Brief History

Bureau county is located in northwestern Illinois, approximately 100 miles west southwest of Chicago, apapproximately 60 miles north of Peoria, approximately 60 miles east of Moline and approximately 60 miles south of Rockford. It was established by an act of the Illinois Legislature on February 28, 1837 (Laws, 1837, p. 93) from Putnam County. Bureau County was named in honor of Pierre Buero, a Frenchman who was an Indian Trader. Princeton is the county seat of Bureau County.

Bureau County has 25 townships all of which are named and most have small towns or villages that have been well established either before Bureau County was created or shortly thereafter. Bureau County was settled by families that migrated from New England and the Mid Atlatic States. Most were of English, Irish, Scottish and French descent. Originally a part of the "Old Northwest Territory", many of the early settlers were fur traders. Native Americans were well established in the area and mostly of the Black Hawk, WInnebago, Sauk and other tribes. Much of Bureau County was swampland that was recovered and turned into arable farm land by the creation of canals.

Bureau County Townships

If there is a page devoted to a particular Township, clicking on the Township name will take you to that page. Historical and genealogical information on any Township, Villiage or Town would be greatly appreciated. To submit items for display on this website, please see the guidelines for submissions on the Volunteers Page and contact the County Coordinator prior to sending anything.


Arespie Twp


Berlin Twp


Bureau Twp


Clarion Twp


Concord Twp


Dover Twp


Fairfield Twp


Gold Twp


Greenville Twp


Hall Twp


Indiantown Twp


Lamoille Twp


Leepertown Twp


Macon Twp


Manlius Twp


Milo Twp


Mineral Twp


Neponset Twp


Ohio Twp


Princeton Twp


Selby Twp


Walnut Twp


Westfield Twp


Wheatland Twp


Wyanet Twp



Bureau County Neighbors

Lee County - north, Putnam County - southeast, LaSalle County - east, Marshall County - south, Stark County - southwest, Henry County - west, Whiteside County - northwest

Clicking on a county name will take you to that ILGenWeb County Site. All sites will open in a new browser window

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